Sacrificial Template Synthesis and Properties of 3D Hollow-Silicon Nano- and Microstructures

Holken, I., Neubuser, G., Postica, V., Bumke, L., Lupan, O., Baum, M., Mishra, Y. K., Kienle, L. and Adelung, Rainer (2016) Sacrificial Template Synthesis and Properties of 3D Hollow-Silicon Nano- and Microstructures Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, 8 (31). pp. 20491-20498. DOI 10.1021/acsami.6b06387.

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Abstract

Novel three-dimensional (3D) hollow aerosilicon nano- and microstructures, namely, Si-tetrapods (Si-T) and Si-spheres (Si-S) were synthesized by a sacrificial template approach for the first time. The new Si-T and Si-S architectures were found as most temperature-stable hollow nanomaterials, up to 1000 degrees C, ever reported. The synthesized aero-silicon or aerogel was integrated into sensor structures based on 3D networks. A single microstructure Si-T was employed to investigate electrical and gas sensing properties. The elaborated hollow microstructures open new possibilities and a wide area of perspectives in the field of nano- and microstructure synthesis by sacrificial template approaches. The enormous flexibility and variety of the hollow Si structures are provided by the special geometry of the sacrificial template material, ZnO-tetrapods (ZnO-T). A Si layer was deposited onto the surface of ZnO-T networks by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. All samples demonstrated p-type conductivity; hence, the resistance of the sensor structure increased after introducing the reducing gases in the test chamber. These hollow structures and their unique and superior properties can be advantageous in different fields, such as NEMS/MEMS, batteries, dye-sensitized solar cells, gas sensing in harsh environment, and biomedical applications. This method can be extended for synthesis of other types of hollow nanostructures.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 3 Hoelken, Iris Neubueser, Gero Postica, Vasile Bumke, Lars Lupan, Oleg Baum, Martina Mishra, Yogendra Kumar Kienle, Lorenz Adelung, Rainer
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1021/acsami.6b06387
ISSN: 1944-8244
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2017 07:55
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2018 10:26
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/36140

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