Numerical simulation of seismic wave field in graded geological media containing multiple cavities

Fontara, I. K., Dineva, P. S., Manolis, G. D. and Wuttke, Frank (2016) Numerical simulation of seismic wave field in graded geological media containing multiple cavities Geophysical Journal International, 206 (2). pp. 921-940. DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggw179 .

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Abstract

In this study, we develop an efficient boundary integral equation method for estimation of seismic motion in a graded medium with multiple cavities under antiplane strain conditions. This inhomogeneous and heterogeneous medium is subjected to either time-harmonic incident shear seismic waves or to body waves radiating from a point seismic source. Three different types of soil material gradient are considered: (i) density and shear modulus vary proportionally as quadratic functions of depth, but the wave velocity remains constant; (ii) the soil material is viscoelastic, with a shear modulus and density that vary with respect to the spatial coordinates in an arbitrary fashion, so that the wave velocity is both frequency and position-dependent and (iii) the soil material has position-dependent shear modulus and constant density, yielding a linear profile for the wave velocity. Three different, frequency-dependent boundary integral equation schemes are respectively developed for the aforementioned three types of graded soil materials based on: (i) Green's function for the quadratically graded elastic half-plane; (ii) a fundamental solution for the viscoelastic full-plane with position-dependent wave speed profiles and (iii) a fundamental solution for an elastic full-plane with a linearly varying wave speed profile. Next, a number of cases involving geological media with position-dependent material properties and any number of cavities of various shapes and geometry are solved in the frequency domain. The numerical results reveal the dependency of the wave fields and zones of stress concentration on the following key factors: (i) type and properties of the soil material gradient; (ii) type and characteristics of the applied seismic load; (iii) shape, position and number of cavities and (iv) interaction phenomena between the cavities and the free surface.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 Fontara, Ioanna-Kleoniki Dineva, Petia S. Manolis, George D. Wuttke, Frank
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggw179
ISSN: 0956-540X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 15:20
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2017 15:20
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/36094

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