Transitioning from Microbiome Composition to Microbial Community Interactions: The Potential of the Metaorganism Hydra as an Experimental Model

Deines, Peter and Bosch, T. C. G. (2016) Transitioning from Microbiome Composition to Microbial Community Interactions: The Potential of the Metaorganism Hydra as an Experimental Model Frontiers in Microbiology, 7 . DOI 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01610.

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Abstract

Animals are home to complex microbial communities, which are shaped through interactions within the community, interactions with the host, and through environmental factors. The advent of high-throughput sequencing methods has led to novel insights in changing patterns of community composition and structure. However, deciphering the different types of interactions among community members, with their hosts and their interplay with their environment is still a challenge of major proportion. The emerging fields of synthetic microbial ecology and community systems biology have the potential to decrypt these complex relationships. Studying host-associated microbiota across multiple spatial and temporal scales will bridge the gap between individual microorganism studies and large-scale whole community surveys. Here, we discuss the unique potential of Hydra as an emerging experimental model in microbiome research. Through in vivo, in vitro, and in silico approaches the interaction structure of host associated microbial communities and the effects of the host on the microbiota and its interactions can be disentangled. Research in the model system Hydra can unify disciplines from molecular genetics to ecology, opening up the opportunity to discover fundamental rules that govern microbiome community stability.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 Deines, Peter Bosch, Thomas C. G.
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R08
Kiel University
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01610
ISSN: 1664-302X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2017 12:08
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 12:46
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/36049

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