Climatology and interannual variabilities in the intensity of synoptic-scale processes in the North Atlantic from the NCEP/NCAR Re-analysis data

Gulev, Sergej, Jung, Thomas and Ruprecht, Eberhard (2002) Climatology and interannual variabilities in the intensity of synoptic-scale processes in the North Atlantic from the NCEP/NCAR Re-analysis data Journal of Climate, 15 . pp. 809-828. DOI 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<0809:CAIVIT>2.0.CO;2.

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North Atlantic synoptic-scale processes are analyzed by bandpassing 6-hourly NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data (1958–98) for several synoptic ranges corresponding to ultrahigh-frequency variability (0.5–2 days), synoptic-scale variability (2–6 days), slow synoptic processes (6–12 days), and low-frequency variability (12–30 days). Climatological patterns of the intensity of synoptic processes are not collocated for different ranges of variability, especially in the lower troposphere. Intensities of synoptic processes demonstrate opposite trends between the North American coast and in the northeast Atlantic. Although north of 40°N the intensity of ultrahigh-frequency variability and synoptic-scale processes show similar interannual variability, further analysis indicates that secular changes, and decadal-scale and interannual variability in the intensities of synoptic processes may not be necessarily consistent for different synoptic timescales. Magnitudes of winter ultrahigh-frequency variability are highly correlated with the intensity of synoptic-scale processes in the 1960s and early 1970s. However, they show little agreement with each other during the last two decades, pointing to the remarkable change in atmospheric variability over the North Atlantic in late 1970s. North Atlantic ultrahigh-frequency variability in winter is highly correlated with surface temperature gradient anomalies in the Atlantic–American sector. These gradients are computed from the merged fields of SST and surface temperature over the continent. They demonstrate a dipolelike pattern associated with the North American coast on one hand, with the subpolar SST front and continental Canada on the other. High-frequency variability and its synoptic counterpart demonstrate different relationships with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Reliability of these results and their sensitivity to the filtering procedures are addressed by comparison to radiosonde data and application of alternative filters.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
OceanRep > Institute for Marine Science Kiel
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<0809:CAIVIT>2.0.CO;2
ISSN: 0894-8755
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2017 10:08

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