Shear wave modelling of high resolution OBS data in a gas hydrate environment in the Danube deep-sea fan, Black Sea

Dannowski, Anke, Bialas, Jörg, Zander, Timo and Klaeschen, Dirk (2016) Shear wave modelling of high resolution OBS data in a gas hydrate environment in the Danube deep-sea fan, Black Sea [Poster] In: AGU Fall Meeting 2016, 12.-16.12.2016, San Francisco, USA.

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The Danube deep-sea fan, with his ancient channel-levee systems, hosts multiple bottom-simulating reflections (BSRs) observed in high-resolution reflection seismic data, indicating the occurrence of gas hydrates and free gas. To image the distribution of submarine gas hydrates and the occurrence of free gas in a channel-levee system, high-resolution 2D and 3D multichannel seismic reflection data were collected and fifteen ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) were deployed. The OBS data in particular reveal information about seismic P- and S-wave velocities of the subsurface. They record wave fields of a wide range of incidence angles.

Both, P- and S-wave traveltime modelling cover a depth down to 1.5 km below the seafloor; thus, providing seismic velocity information far below the BSR. The seismic P-wave velocities increase with depth from 1600 m/s beneath the seafloor up to 2400 m/s at 1.5 km depth. The frequencies of the S-waves are much lower than the P-wave reflection signals. This is characteristic for shear waves in unconsolidated sediments where the S-wave attenuation is high. However, they travel much slower than P-waves and thus, show a higher resolution. The first S-wave appears at ~0.7 s after the direct wave. Some of the S-phases can be traced up to 3.5 km in offset to the station. The seismic S-wave velocities increase from ~240 m/s beneath the seafloor up to ~1100 m/s at a depth of 1.5 km below the seafloor. From these observations, the P-to-S ratio can be derived. The P-to-S ratio might help to estimate the thickness of the zones with gas hydrates and free gas, while there will be a limited capability to constrain their concentrations.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Keywords: shear wave modelling, seismic traveltime modelling, gas hydrate, Black Sea, Danube deep-sea fan
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2016 10:18
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2016 10:48

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