Environmental constraints on Holocene cold-water coral reef growth off Norway: Insights from a multi-proxy approach

Raddatz, Jacek, Liebetrau, Volker, Trotter, Julie, Rüggeberg, Andres, Flögel, Sascha, Dullo, Wolf-Christian, Eisenhauer, Anton, Voigt, Silke and McCulloch, Malcolm (2016) Environmental constraints on Holocene cold-water coral reef growth off Norway: Insights from a multi-proxy approach Paleoceanography, 31 (10). pp. 1350-1367. DOI 10.1002/2016PA002974.

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Abstract

High-latitude cold-water coral (CWC) reefs are particularly susceptible due to enhanced CO2 uptake in these regions. Using precisely dated (U/Th) CWCs (Lophelia pertusa) retrieved during research cruise POS 391 (Lopphavet 70.6°N, Oslofjord 59°N) we applied boron isotopes (δ11B), Ba/Ca, Li/Mg and U/Ca ratios to reconstruct the environmental boundary conditions of CWC reef growth. The sedimentary record from these CWC reefs reveals a lack of corals between ∼ 6.4 and 4.8 ka. The question remains if this phenomenon is related to changes in the carbonate system or other causes. The initial postglacial setting had elevated Ba/Ca ratios, indicative of meltwater fluxes showing a decreasing trend towards cessation at 6.4 ka with a oscillation pattern similar to continental glacier fluctuations. Downcore U/Ca ratios reveal an increasing trend, which is outside the range of modern U/Ca variability in L. pertusa, suggesting changes of seawater pH near 6.4 ka. The reconstructed BWT at Lopphavet reveals a striking similarity to Barent Sea-Surface and sub-Sea-Surface-Temperature records. We infer that meltwater pulses weakened the North Atlantic Current system resulting in southward advances of cold and CO2 rich Arctic waters. A corresponding shift in the δ11B record from ∼ 25.0‰ to ∼ 27.0 ‰ probably implies enhanced pH-up regulation of the CWCs due to the higher pCO2 concentrations of ambient seawater, which hastened Mid-Holocene CWC reef decline on the Norwegian Margin.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000387775200004
Keywords: Cold-water corals; Lophelia pertusa; boron isotopes; Holocene; pH up-regulation; Li/Mg; RV Poseidon; POS391
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754 > A7
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2016PA002974
ISSN: 0883-8305
Projects: ISOLDE, ROBEX, SFB754, ECHO
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2016 08:20
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2017 08:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/33787

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