Subduction zone mantle enrichment by fluids and Zr–Hf-depleted crustal melts as indicated by backarc basalts of the Southern Volcanic Zone, Argentina

Holm, Paul M., Soager, Nina, Alfastsen, Mads and Bertotto, Gustavo W. (2016) Subduction zone mantle enrichment by fluids and Zr–Hf-depleted crustal melts as indicated by backarc basalts of the Southern Volcanic Zone, Argentina Lithos, 262 . pp. 135-152. DOI 10.1016/j.lithos.2016.06.029.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• Backarc mantle metasomatized by contrasting types of subducted upper continental crust
• One type of mantle-enriching crustal melts had low Zr/Sm and Hf/Sm due to residual zircon.
• Depleted and undepleted pre-metasomatic mantle mixed during Pleistocene slab steepening
• Three types of mantle sourced Transitional Southern Volcanic Zone arc magmas

Abstract

We aim to identify the components metasomatizing the mantle above the subducting Nazca plate under part of the Andean Southern Volcanic Zone (SVZ). We present new major and ICP-MS trace element and Sr, Nd and high-precision Pb isotope analyses of primitive olivine-phyric alkali basalts from the Northern Segment Volcanic Field, part of the Payenia province in the backarc of the Transitional SVZ. One new 40Ar–39Ar age determination confirms the Late Pleistocene age of this most northerly part of the province. All analysed rocks have typical subduction zone type incompatible element enrichment, and the rocks of the Northern Segment, together with the neighbouring Nevado Volcanic Field, have isotopic compositions intermediate between adjacent Transitional SVZ arc rocks and southern Payenia OIB-type basaltic rocks. Modelling the Ba–Th–Sm variation we demonstrate that fluids as well as 1–2% melts of upper continental crust (UCC) enriched their mantle sources, and La–Nb–Sm variations additionally indicate that the pre-metasomatic sources ranged from strongly depleted to undepleted mantle. Low Eu/Eu* and Sr/Nd also show evidence for a UCC component in the source. The contribution of Chile Trench sediments to the magmas seems insignificant. The Zr/Sm and Hf/Sm ratios are relatively low in many of the Northern Segment rocks, ranging down to 17 and 0.45, respectively, which, together with relatively high Th/U, is argued to indicate that the metasomatizing crustal melts were derived by partial melting of subducted UCC that had residual zircon, in contrast to the UCC melts added to Transitional SVZ arc magmas. Mixing between depleted and undepleted mantle, enriched by UCC and fluids, is suggested by Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes of the Northern Segment and Nevado magmas. The metasomatized undepleted mantle south of the Northern Segment is suggested to be part of upwelling OIB-type mantle, whereas the pre-metasomatically depleted mantle also can be found as a component in some arc rocks. The fluid-borne enrichment seems to have been derived from South Atlantic wedge mantle with no significant transfer of solubles in the slab fluids from the subducting altered Pacific oceanic crust to the wedge. The Northern Segment magmatism is proposed to be related to the steepening of Nazca plate subduction in the Pleistocene after a shallow slab period, where melts of subducted UCC plus slab fluids metasomatized the overlying depleted wedge mantle. During this steepening, the enriched depleted and undepleted mantle mixed or interacted, and yielded the Northern Segment and Nevado magmas.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000384783500010
Keywords: Andean volcanism; Southern Volcanic Zone; Mantle enrichment; Geochemical modelling
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.lithos.2016.06.029
ISSN: 0024-4937
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2016 08:05
Last Modified: 03 May 2017 07:21
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/33521

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