Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome

Thomas, Torsten, Moitinho-Silva, Lucas, Lurgi, Miguel, Björk, Johannes R., Easson, Cole, Astudillo-García, Carmen, Olson, Julie B., Erwin, Patrick M., López-Legentil, Susanna, Luter, Heidi, Chaves-Fonnegra, Andia, Costa, Rodrigo, Schupp, Peter J., Steindler, Laura, Erpenbeck, Dirk, Gilbert, Jack, Knight, Rob, Ackermann, Gail, Victor Lopez, Jose, Taylor, Michael W., Thacker, Robert W., Montoya, Jose M., Hentschel, Ute and Webster, Nicole S. (2016) Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome Nature Communications, 7 (Art. Nr. 11870). pp. 1-12. DOI 10.1038/ncomms11870.

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Abstract

Sponges (phylum Porifera) are early-diverging metazoa renowned for establishing complex microbial symbioses. Here we present a global Porifera microbiome survey, set out to establish the ecological and evolutionary drivers of these host–microbe interactions. We show that sponges are a reservoir of exceptional microbial diversity and major contributors to the total microbial diversity of the world’s oceans. Little commonality in species composition or structure is evident across the phylum, although symbiont communities are characterized by specialists and generalists rather than opportunists. Core sponge microbiomes are stable and characterized by generalist symbionts exhibiting amensal and/or commensal interactions. Symbionts that are phylogenetically unique to sponges do not disproportionally contribute to the core microbiome, and host phylogeny impacts complexity rather than composition of the symbiont community. Our findings support a model of independent assembly and evolution in symbiont communities across the entire host phylum, with convergent forces resulting in analogous community organization and interactions.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Biological sciences; Ecology; Evolution; Microbiology
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/ncomms11870
ISSN: 2041-1723
Related URLs:
Projects: MARSYMBIOMICS, SeaBioTech, TULIP
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2016 08:26
Last Modified: 04 May 2017 11:30
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/33402

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