Mineralogical and chemical mass changes in mafic and ultramafic rocks from the Logatchev hydrothermal field (MAR 15°N)

Augustin, Nico, Lackschewitz, Klas, Kuhn, Thomas and Devey, Colin W. (2008) Mineralogical and chemical mass changes in mafic and ultramafic rocks from the Logatchev hydrothermal field (MAR 15°N) Marine Geology, 256 (1/4). pp. 18-29. DOI 10.1016/j.margeo.2008.09.004.

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Abstract

Mineralogical and geochemical investigation of altered host rock samples from the Logatchev hydrothermal field reveal a large variety of alteration styles at this site. Serpentinization is most intense in former harzburgites and dunites varying between 90-95%, whereas gabbros are mostly rather fresh. A combination of serpentinization, interaction with hot hydrothermal fluids, melt/rock interaction, and low-temperature seafloor weathering lead to significant gains and losses of major and trace elements. Serpentinization within the Logatchev hydrothermal field proceeds mainly isochemical for the major elements, except for a loss of TiO2 and CaO. However, the concentration of the trace elements Cu, Nb, Ba, La, Sm, Eu, Th or U increases significantly in the serpentinites. Gabbroic intrusions act as a sink for MgO during alteration due to the formation of chlorite and serpentine after clinopyroxene. Interaction between gabbros and hydrothermal fluids leads to significant redistribution of SiO2, TiO2, CaO, and Na2O as well as numerous trace elements. The different styles of alteration and their associated element changes reveal that samples from the entire Logatchev field have been influenced by hydrothermal fluids to some degree. Therefore, the hydrothermal fluid-dominated alteration of the ultramafic oceanic crust is a sink for many trace elements which were provided by mafic intrusions and mobilized by hydrothermal fluids and melt-rock interaction, whereas the gabbros accumulate high amounts of Mg from the seawater. Summarized the alteration processes at Logatchev are a combination of serpentinization, melt/rock interaction of serpentinites and mafic intrusions, and low-temperature seafloor weathering. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Alteration, serpentinite, Gabbro, Logatchev hydrothermal field, Major elements, Mass balance, melt/rock interaction, fluid/rock interaction, ultramafic hosted, hydrothermal, RV Meteor, M60/3, M64/2
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.margeo.2008.09.004
ISSN: 0025-3227
Projects: SPP 1144 "From Mantle to Ocean", Future Ocean
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2008 11:50
Last Modified: 25 May 2016 13:11
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/3312

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