Continental hyperextension, mantle exhumation and thin oceanic crust at the continent-ocean transition, West Iberia: new insights from wide-angle seismic

Davy, R. G., Minshull, T. A., Bayrakci, G., Bull, J. M., Klaeschen, Dirk, Papenberg, Cord, Reston, Timothy J., Sawyer, D. S. and Zelt, C. A. (2016) Continental hyperextension, mantle exhumation and thin oceanic crust at the continent-ocean transition, West Iberia: new insights from wide-angle seismic Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 121 (5). pp. 3177-3199. DOI 10.1002/2016JB012825.

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Abstract

Hyperextension of continental crust at the Deep Galicia rifted margin in the North Atlantic has been accommodated by the rotation of continental fault blocks, which are underlain by the S reflector, an interpreted detachment fault, along which exhumed and serpentinized mantle peridotite is observed. West of these features, the enigmatic Peridotite Ridge has been inferred to delimit the western extent of the continent-ocean transition. An outstanding question at this margin is where oceanic crust begins, with little existing data to constrain this boundary and a lack of clear seafloor spreading magnetic anomalies. Here we present results from a 160 km long wide-angle seismic profile (Western Extension 1). Travel time tomography models of the crustal compressional velocity structure reveal highly thinned and rotated crustal blocks separated from the underlying mantle by the S reflector. The S reflector correlates with the 6.0–7.0 km s−1 velocity contours, corresponding to peridotite serpentinization of 60–30%, respectively. West of the Peridotite Ridge, shallow and sparse Moho reflections indicate the earliest formation of an anomalously thin oceanic crustal layer, which increases in thickness from ~0.5 km at ~20 km west of the Peridotite Ridge to ~1.5 km, 35 km further west. P wave velocities increase smoothly and rapidly below top basement, to a depth of 2.8–3.5 km, with an average velocity gradient of 1.0 s−1. Below this, velocities slowly increase toward typical mantle velocities. Such a downward increase into mantle velocities is interpreted as decreasing serpentinization of mantle rock with depth.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The wide-angle seismic data used in this study can be accessed at https://doi. pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.859069 (WE-1) and http://www-udc.ig.utexas.edu/sdc/cruise.php?cruiseIn=ew9705 (ISE-1). - WOS:000381626900003
Keywords: COT; Galicia; rifting; serpentinization; hyperextension; wide-angle seismic; RV Marcus Langseth, MGL1307, FS Poseidon, POS453, POS458
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2016JB012825
ISSN: 0148-0227
Related URLs:
Projects: COMM3D
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 23 May 2016 08:50
Last Modified: 04 May 2017 11:10
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/32907

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