In situ imaging reveals the biomass of giant protists in the global ocean

Biard, Tristan, Stemmann, Lars, Picheral, Marc, Mayot, Nicolas, Vandromme, Pieter, Hauss, Helena, Gorsky, Gabriel, Guidi, Lionel, Kiko, Rainer and Not, Fabrice (2016) In situ imaging reveals the biomass of giant protists in the global ocean Nature, 532 (7600). pp. 504-507. DOI 10.1038/nature17652.

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Abstract

Planktonic organisms play crucial roles in oceanic food webs and global biogeochemical cycles(1,2). Most of our knowledge about the ecological impact of large zooplankton stems from research on abundant and robust crustaceans, and in particular copepods(3,4). A number of the other organisms that comprise planktonic communities are fragile, and therefore hard to sample and quantify, meaning that their abundances and effects on oceanic ecosystems are poorly understood. Here, using data from a worldwide in situ imaging survey of plankton larger than 600 mu m, we show that a substantial part of the biomass of this size fraction consists of giant protists belonging to the Rhizaria, a super-group of mostly fragile unicellular marine organisms that includes the taxa Phaeodaria and Radiolaria ( for example, orders Collodaria and Acantharia). Globally, we estimate that rhizarians in the top 200 m of world oceans represent a standing stock of 0.089 Pg carbon, equivalent to 5.2% of the total oceanic biota carbon reservoir(5). In the vast oligotrophic intertropical open oceans, rhizarian biomass is estimated to be equivalent to that of all other mesozooplankton ( plankton in the size range 0.2-20 mm). The photosymbiotic association of many rhizarians with microalgae may be an important factor in explaining their distribution. The previously overlooked importance of these giant protists across the widest ecosystem on the planet(6) changes our understanding of marine planktonic ecosystems.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
OceanRep > SFB 754 > B8
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/nature17652
ISSN: 0028-0836
Projects: SFB754, Future Ocean, OCEANOMICS, DESIR
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 19 May 2016 09:55
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:50
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/32892

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