Spatial variability and response to anthropogenic pressures of assemblages dominated by a habitat forming seaweed sensitive to pollution (northern coast of Alboran Sea)

Bermejo, Ricardo, de la Fuente, Gina, Ramirez-Romero, Eduardo, Vergara, Juan J. and Hernandez, Ignacio (2016) Spatial variability and response to anthropogenic pressures of assemblages dominated by a habitat forming seaweed sensitive to pollution (northern coast of Alboran Sea) Marine Pollution Bulletin, 105 (1). pp. 255-264. DOI 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.02.017.

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Abstract

Highlights:
• Cystoseira ericaefolia assemblages were studied along the Mediterranean-Atlantic transition (Alboran Sea).
• The assemblages showed significant differences at local and regional scales.
• Regional oceanographic features seemed to play an important role explaining regional differences.
• No significant differences were found between assemblages under different pollution pressures.
• The results support that the effects of pollution are more visible at landscape scales than at assemblage ones.

Abstract:
The Cystoseira ericaefolia group is conformed by three species: C. tamariscifolia, C. mediterranea and C. amentacea. These species are among the most important habitat forming species of the upper sublittoral rocky shores of the Mediterranean Sea and adjacent Atlantic coast. This species group is sensitive to human pressures and therefore is currently suffering important losses. This study aimed to assess the influence of anthropogenic pressures, oceanographic conditions and local spatial variability in assemblages dominated by C. ericaefolia in the Alboran Sea. The results showed the absence of significant effects of anthropogenic pressures or its interactions with environmental conditions in the Cystoseira assemblages. This fact was attributed to the high spatial variability, which is most probably masking the impact of anthropogenic pressures. The results also showed that most of the variability occurred on at local levels. A relevant spatial variability was observed at regional level, suggesting a key role of oceanographic features in these assemblages.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Cystoseira; Spatial variability; Rocky shores; Habitat forming species; Anthropogenic pressures; Oceanography and community patterns; Seaweeds
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.02.017
ISSN: 0025-326X
Projects: SEA-LIVE, OCEAN-CERTAIN
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2016 09:18
Last Modified: 03 May 2017 07:25
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/31420

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