The Platanar-Aguas Zarcas volcanic centers, Costa Rica: spatial-temporal association of Quaternary calc-alkaline and alkaline volcanism

Alvarado, G. E. and Carr, M. J. (1993) The Platanar-Aguas Zarcas volcanic centers, Costa Rica: spatial-temporal association of Quaternary calc-alkaline and alkaline volcanism Bulletin of Volcanology, 55 (6). pp. 443-453. DOI 10.1007/BF00302004.

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Abstract

The Platanar volcanic center is dominated by a calc-alkaline, basalt-andesite-dacite-rhyolite magma series with unusual LREE enrichment. Adjacent and overlapping the calc-alkaline rocks are the most alkaline basalts found along the volcanic front of Central America. These basalts are mafic, LIL- and LREE-enriched transitional to alkaline basalts. Several are found on the north flank of Platanar in the Aguas Zarcas region, where there are nine cinder cones and a few isolated flows. However, they are also found in isolated lava outcrops at least as far south as Porvenir volcano along the volcanic front. The addition of mafic alkaline magmas with high La/Yb and low Ba/La into the Platanar magma chamber or chambers may contribute to the LREE-enriched character of the Platanar basaltic andesites and andesites. At Platanar the field and geochemical evidence suggest mixing between calc-alkaline and alkaline magmas, a process that has probably occurred throughout the development of the Cordillera Central of Costa Rica. The presence of negative Ce anomalies in several of the calc-alkaline lavas also make the Platanar complex very unusual compared to the rest of the Central American volcanic front. In the center of the Platanar complex is the Chocosuela caldera, an apparent remnant of an avalanche caldera created by the collapse in the Middle Pleistocene of an ancestral stratovolcano toward the NNW in a directed blast-type eruption. Rhyolite is present as pumice lapilli in pyroclastic flow deposits outside the caldera rim. Whole lapilli analyses span the daciterhyolite range. The previous eruption of high silica tephra as pyroclastic flows, the current long dormant period and the repeated occurrence of earthquake swarms on the flanks of the Platanar complex make it a candidate for volcanic hazard mapping, detailed geological mapping and emergency planning.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Arc volcano, magma mixing, geochemistry, alkaline, calc-alkaline, sector collapse
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1007/BF00302004
ISSN: 0258-8900
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2016 10:17
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2016 10:17
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/31192

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