Permeability and consolidation characteristics from Hole 949B, Northern Barbados Ridge

Brückmann, Warner, Moran, K. and MacKillop, A. K. (1997) Permeability and consolidation characteristics from Hole 949B, Northern Barbados Ridge Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Scientific Results, 156 . pp. 109-114.

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Abstract

Low-gradient flow tests and one-dimensional consolidation tests were performed on four samples from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 156, northern Barbados Ridge, Hole 949B, to provide direct as well as indirect measures of permeability and stress history. All samples tested show a significant degree of underconsolidation, with overconsolidation ratio (OCR) values decreasing with depth from 0.4 to 0.2 to 0.1. These low ratios were used to approximate the excess pore pressures within the accreted sediment and the décollement. The largest estimated excess pore-pressure values lie within the interpreted décollement zone at Site 949 and range from 1600 to 1900 kPa. Combining results from this study with previous data from Leg 110, two generalized functions of void ratio vs. hydraulic conductivity for high and low permeability sediments are developed that are characteristic for sediments of low and high smectite content. By applying these functions to the Site 671 (ODP Leg 110) porosity profile, it is possible to demonstrate the occurrence of a zone of low permeability immediately above the décollement. This is consistent with the concept that low permeability sediments will develop higher excess pore pressures, and therefore, are more susceptible to shear failure.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Hole 949B; Northern Barbados Ridge; ODP Leg 156
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: No
ISSN: 1096-7451
Projects: ODP
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2016 13:17
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2016 12:01
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/31157

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