North Atlantic hotspot-ridge interaction near Jan Mayen Island

Elkins, L. J., Hamelin, C., Blichert-Toft, J., Scott, S. R., Sims, K. W. W., Yeo, Isobel A., Devey, Colin W. and Pedersen, R. B. (2016) North Atlantic hotspot-ridge interaction near Jan Mayen Island Geochemical Perspectives Letters, 2 (1). pp. 55-67. DOI 10.7185/geochemlet.1606.

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Abstract

At slow to ultraslow spreading rates along mid-ocean ridges, thicker lithosphere typically
impedes magma generation and tectonic extension can play a more significant role in crustal
production (Dick et al., 2003). The source of anomalously high magma supply thus remains
unclear along ridges with ultraslow-spreading rates adjacent to Jan Mayen Island in the North
Atlantic (Neumann and Schilling, 1984; Mertz et al., 1991; Haase et al., 1996; Schilling et
al., 1999; Trønnes et al., 1999; Haase et al., 2003; Mertz et al., 2004; Blichert-Toft et al., 2005;
Debaille et al., 2009). Here we show that Jan Mayen volcanism is likely the surface expression
of a small mantle plume, which exerts significant influence on nearby mid-ocean ridge tectonics
and volcanism. Progressive dilution of Jan Mayen geochemical signatures with distance
from the hotspot is observed in lava samples from the immediately adjacent Mohns Ridge,
and morphological indicators of enhanced magma supply are observed on both the Mohns
Ridge and the nearby Kolbeinsey Ridge, which additionally locally overlies a highly heterogeneous,
eclogite-bearing mantle source. These morphological and geochemical influences
underscore the importance of heterogeneous mantle sources in modifying melt supply and
thus the local expression of tectonic boundaries.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: mid-ocean ridge, lead, strontium, neodymium, radiogenic isotopes, Jan Mayen, Kolbeinsey Ridge, Mohns Ridge, hotspot, hotspot-ridge interaction, R/V Poseidon, POS436, R/V Håkon Mosby leg SM01 (2001), R/V G.O. Sars leg CGB2011 (2011)
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.7185/geochemlet.1606
ISSN: 2410-339X
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2016 08:42
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:48
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/31112

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