Correlation of viable cell counts, metabolic activity of sulphur-oxidizing bacteria and chemical parameters of marine sediments

Imhoff, Johannes F., Schneider, A. and Podgorsek, L. (1995) Correlation of viable cell counts, metabolic activity of sulphur-oxidizing bacteria and chemical parameters of marine sediments Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 49 (1-4). pp. 223-236. DOI 10.1007/BF02368352.

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Abstract

Viable counts of aerobic and anaerobic chemotrophic sulphur-oxidizers as well as phototrophic sulphur bacteria were determined in sediment samples taken from two different areas along the Baltic Sea shore which were known to regularly develop sulphidic conditions. Depth profiles of bacterial cell counts were correlated with concentration profiles of chloride, sulphate, sulphide, nitrate and phosphate in the pore water of these sediments and with potential activities of nitrate reduction, thiosulphate transformation and sulphate formation. The data revealed a complex multilayered structure within the sediments. Sulphide was released into the water from sediments of both sampling areas, but it was found that light and the availability of oxygen significantly reduced this amount. In the highly reduced sediment at Hiddensee, the highest numbers of phototrophic and chemotrophic sulphur-oxidizers were found near the sediment surface. Therefore, it was concluded that the combined action of both groups of bacteria most efficiently oxidizes reduced sulphur compounds in the top layers of the sediments. Nitrate may replace oxygen as final electron acceptor and will support oxidation of sulphide, in particular when oxygen and light are limiting

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1007/BF02368352
ISSN: 0174-3597
Projects: DYSMON A2
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2016 14:10
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2017 13:45
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/31109

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