Utility and limits of biomass spectra: the nekton community sampled with the RMT 25 in the Scotia Sea during austral summer

Rodhouse, Paul G., Piatkowski, Uwe, Murphy, Eugene J., White, Martin G. and Bone, Douglas G. (1994) Utility and limits of biomass spectra: the nekton community sampled with the RMT 25 in the Scotia Sea during austral summer Marine Ecology Progress Series, 112 . pp. 29-39. DOI doi: 10.3354/meps112029.

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An RMT 25 opening/closing net was used to sample the nekton comunity at 2 stations in
the ice free zone (IFZ) of the Scotia Sea (Stn 1 approximately 10 nautical miles south of the Antarctic Polar Front, Stn 2 on the edge of the South Georgia Shelf Break to the northwest of the island) Oblique hauls sampled 200 m depth layers to 1000 m during both day and night. Total and individual volumes of each species in each 200 m layer were measured by displacement The data were used to generate biomass and numerical spectra for day and night at each station for the whole water column to 1000 m.
At both stations the relationship between log10 biomass density (B/A) and log10 individual body mass (M) were strongly positive. Slopes of the biomass spectra were not significantly different among the day and night stations and an overall regression showed that biomass density scaled as M061. Analysis of biomass spectra revealed that although the species composition and biomass density vaned between
the 2 stations, energy turnover in the nekton community in the 2 areas was similarly dominated by animals of larger size. Considering energy turnover in terms of taxonomic groups revealed that Stn 1 turnover was dominated by tunicates (salps) followed by fish and cnidarians and at Stn 2 turnover was
dominated by crustaceans followed similarly by fish and cnidarians. Use of biomass spectra in this case study was shown to enhance insight into the comparative function of 2 pelaglc systems obtained using a conventional taxonomc approach The analysis of biomass spectra in the absence of taxonomic data would have had limited value as it would not have emphasised the major difference between the 2 stations:
the domination by tunicates, an energetic dead end, at Stn 1 and crustaceans, which are available to predators, at Stn 2.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Biomass spectra; Nekton community; Southern Ocean
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: doi: 10.3354/meps112029
ISSN: 0171-8630
Projects: CephLit
Contribution Number:
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2016 09:41
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2017 08:08
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/30956

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