Seismicity and active tectonics in the Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean: Constraints from an offshore-onshore seismological network and swath bathymetry data

Grevemeyer, Ingo, Gràcia, Eulàlia, Villaseñor, Antonio, Leuchters, Wiebke and Watts, Anthony B. (2015) Seismicity and active tectonics in the Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean: Constraints from an offshore-onshore seismological network and swath bathymetry data Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 120 (12). pp. 8348-8365. DOI 10.1002/2015JB012073.

[img]
Preview
Text
Grevemeyer.pdf - Published Version

Download (3074Kb) | Preview

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Seismicity and tectonic structure of the Alboran Sea were derived from a large amphibious seismological network deployed in the offshore basins and onshore in Spain and Morocco, an area where the convergence between the African and Eurasian plates causes distributed deformation. Crustal structure derived from local earthquake data suggests that the Alboran Sea is underlain by thinned continental crust with a mean thickness of about 20 km. During the 5 months of offshore network operation, a total of 229 local earthquakes were located within the Alboran Sea and neighboring areas. Earthquakes were generally crustal events, and in the offshore domain, most of them occurred at crustal levels of 2 to 15 km depth. Earthquakes in the Alboran Sea are poorly related to large-scale tectonic features and form a 20 to 40 km wide NNE-SSW trending belt of seismicity between Adra (Spain) and Al Hoceima (Morocco), supporting the case for a major left-lateral shear zone across the Alboran Sea. Such a shear zone is in accord with high-resolution bathymetric data and seismic reflection imaging, indicating a number of small active fault zones, some of which offset the seafloor, rather than supporting a well-defined discrete plate boundary fault. Moreover, a number of large faults known to be active as evidenced from bathymetry, seismic reflection, and paleoseismic data such as the Yusuf and Carboneras faults were seismically inactive. Earthquakes below the Western Alboran Basin occurred at 70 to 110 km depth and hence reflected intermediate depth seismicity related to subducted lithosphere.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: RV Poseidon; POS389; POS393; RRS Charles Darwin ; CD64; Alboran Sea, Seismology, Earthquakes, Hazards, Tectonics, Structure, Western Mediterranean
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2015JB012073
ISSN: 0148-0227
Projects: TOPO-EUROPE, TOPOMED, TOPO-IBERIA, EVENT, SHAKE, FLOWS
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2016 11:45
Last Modified: 02 May 2017 10:44
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/30934

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...