Compositional variation and 226Ra-230Th model ages of axial lavas from the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 8°48′S

Haase, K. M., Brandl, Philipp A., Devey, Colin W., Hauff, Folkmar, Melchert, Bernd, Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter, Kokfelt, Thomas and Paulick, H. (2016) Compositional variation and 226Ra-230Th model ages of axial lavas from the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 8°48′S Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17 (1). pp. 199-218. DOI 10.1002/2015GC006016.

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We present geological observations and geochemical data for the youngest volcanic features on the slow-spreading Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 8°48'S that shows seismic evidence for a thickened crust and excess magma formation. Young lava flows with high sonar reflectivity cover about 14 km2 in the axial rift and were probably erupted from two axial volcanic ridges each of about 3 km in length. Three different lava units occur along an about 11 km long portion of the ridge, and lavas from the northern axial volcanic ridge differ from those of the southern axial volcanic ridge and surrounding lava flows. Basalts from the axial rift flanks and from a pillow mound within the young flows are more incompatible element depleted than those from the young volcanic field. Lavas from this volcanic area have 226Ra-230Th disequilibria model ages of 1,000 and 4,000 years whereas the older lavas from the rift flank and the pillow mound, but also some of the lava field, are older than 8,000 years. Glasses from the northern and southern ends of the southern lava unit indicate up to 100°C cooler magma temperatures than in the center and increased assimilation of hydrothermally altered material. The compositional heterogeneity on a scale of 3 km suggests small magma batches rising vertically from the mantle to the surface without significant lateral flow and mixing. The observations on the 8°48'S lava field support the model of low frequency eruptions from single ascending magma batches that has been developed for slow-spreading ridges.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000370620600013
Keywords: mid-ocean ridge, volcanism, basalt, Mid-oceanic ridge processes, Composition of the oceanic crust, Major and trace element geochemistry, Radiogenic isotope geochemistry, Isotopic disequilibrium dating, RV Meteor, M64/1
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2015GC006016
ISSN: 1525-2027
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2016 09:28
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:45

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