Thiocapsa marina sp. nov., a new purple sulfur bacterium containing okenone isolated from several brackish and marine environments

Caumette, Pierre, Guyoneaud, Remy, Imhoff, Johannes F., Süling, Jörg and Gorlenko, Vladimir (2004) Thiocapsa marina sp. nov., a new purple sulfur bacterium containing okenone isolated from several brackish and marine environments International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 54 (4). pp. 1031-1036. DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.02964-0.

[img]
Preview
Text
541_Caumette_2004_ThiocapsaMarinaSpNovA_Artzeit_pubid11568.pdf - Published Version

Download (115Kb)

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Four marine, phototrophic, purple sulfur bacteria (strains 5811T, 5812, BM-3 and BS-1) were isolated in pure culture from different brackish to marine sediments in the Mediterranean Sea, the White Sea and the Black Sea. Single cells of these strains were coccus-shaped, non-motile and did not contain gas vesicles. The colour of cell suspensions that were grown in the light was purple–red. Bacteriochlorophyll a and carotenoids of the okenone series were present as photosynthetic pigments. Photosynthetic membrane systems were of the vesicular type. Hydrogen sulfide, thiosulfate, elemental sulfur and molecular hydrogen were used as electron donors during photolithotrophic growth under anoxic conditions; carbon dioxide was utilized as the carbon source. During growth on sulfide, elemental sulfur globules were stored inside the cells. In the presence of hydrogen sulfide, several organic substances could be photoassimilated. Comparative 16S rDNA sequence analysis revealed an affiliation of these four strains to the genus Thiocapsa. Both phylogenetic analysis and the results of DNA–DNA hybridization studies revealed that these strains formed a separate cluster within the genus Thiocapsa. Thus, according to phenotypic characteristics and mainly the carotenoid composition, 16S rDNA sequence analysis and DNA–DNA hybridization data, it is proposed that these strains should be classified as a novel species, Thiocapsa marina sp. nov., with strain 5811T (=DSM 5653T=ATCC 43172T) as the type strain.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1099/ijs.0.02964-0
ISSN: 1466-5026
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2009 11:29
Last Modified: 24 May 2017 10:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/3073

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...