Does poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate stimulate the immune system of European sea bass larvae?

Franke, Andrea, Roth, Olivia, Schryver, Peter de and Clemmesen, Catriona (2015) Does poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate stimulate the immune system of European sea bass larvae? [Poster] In: Aquaculture Europe Conference 2015, 20.-23.10.2015, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

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Abstract

Introduction

Various probiotics and immunostimulants have been shown to enhance the immune response and alter the disease resistance of aquaculture organisms. The bacterial energy storage compound poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) for example improves resistance against pathogenic infections in shrimp (Laranja et al., 2014) and exhibits a controlling effect on the gut microbiota of juvenile sea bass which may result in the stimulation of immune functions (De Schryver et al., 2011). These properties might be of special importance for culturing early life stages since their immune system is not yet fully developed. Therefore, we assessed the potential immunostimulating effect of PHB in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae in our study.

Materials and methods

We used rotifers as live carriers to feed PHB-accumulating bacteria (Alcaligenes eutrophus) to first-feeding larvae over a period of 14 days. Bacteria with a low (2.5%) and a high (75%) PHB content were used, respectively. Apart from the dose effect, we wanted to determine to which extend the point in time of the PHB administration matters. Therefore, PHB was added (in some experimental groups) directly to the water from the moment of mouth opening onwards. This led to the following experimental groups: 1) early and 2) later stimulation with a low PHB level, 3) early and 4) later stimulation with a high PHB level and 5) a control without any PHB.

To estimate the immediate impact of PHB, larval mortality rates were monitored daily over the course of the experiment. Furthermore, larvae were sampled the first time after being fed for 3 days with PHB encapsulated in rotifers (and 5 days of PHB water treatment) and the second time after 14 days PHB via rotifers (and 16 days of PHB water treatment), respectively.

Results and discussion

Larval mortality rates were found to be the highest in the control group. During both sampling points larvae were slightly smaller and weighed less in the control group. The analysis of the gene expression profiles revealed that only certain immune genes such as cytokines (Interleukin-1ß, Interleukin 8 and TNFα) were affected by the PHB treatment. The data indicate that the application of PHB can provide a beneficial effect to sea bass larviculture in terms of higher survival rates. But further studies are required to verify the impact on the developing immune system of the larvae.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes
Projects: FINE-Aqua
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2015 07:00
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2015 09:18
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/30589

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