The Application of DNA Barcodes for the Identification of Marine Crustaceans from the North Sea and Adjacent Regions

Raupach, Michael J., Barco, Andrea, Steinke, Dirk, Beermann, Jan, Laakmann, Silke, Mohrbeck, Inga, Neumann, Hermann, Kihara, Terue C., Pointner, Karin, Radulovici, Adriana, Segelken-Voigt, Alexandra, Wesse, Christina and Knebelsberger, Thomas (2015) The Application of DNA Barcodes for the Identification of Marine Crustaceans from the North Sea and Adjacent Regions PLoS ONE, 10 (9). e0139421. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0139421.

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During the last years DNA barcoding has become a popular method of choice for molecular specimen identification. Here we present a comprehensive DNA barcode library of various crustacean taxa found in the North Sea, one of the most extensively studied marine regions of the world. Our data set includes 1,332 barcodes covering 205 species, including taxa of the Amphipoda, Copepoda, Decapoda, Isopoda, Thecostraca, and others. This dataset represents the most extensive DNA barcode library of the Crustacea in terms of species number to date. By using the Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD), unique BINs were identified for 198 (96.6%) of the analyzed species. Six species were characterized by two BINs (2.9%), and three BINs were found for the amphipod species Gammarus salinus Spooner, 1947 (0.4%). Intraspecific distances with values higher than 2.2% were revealed for 13 species (6.3%). Exceptionally high distances of up to 14.87% between two distinct but monophyletic clusters were found for the parasitic copepod Caligus elongatus Nordmann, 1832, supporting the results of previous studies that indicated the existence of an overlooked sea louse species. In contrast to these high distances, haplotype-sharing was observed for two decapod spider crab species, Macropodia parva Van Noort & Adema, 1985 and Macropodia rostrata (Linnaeus, 1761), underlining the need for a taxonomic revision of both species. Summarizing the results, our study confirms the application of DNA barcodes as highly effective identification system for the analyzed marine crustaceans of the North Sea and represents an important milestone for modern biodiversity assessment studies using barcode sequences

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Crustaceans; DNA barcoding; Copepods; Haplotypes; DNA sequence analysis; Species delimitation; DNA libraries; Sequence alignment
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139421
ISSN: 1932-6203
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2015 12:01
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2015 12:01

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