Mechanisms for millennial-scale global synchronization during the last glacial period

Timmermann, Axel, Krebs, Uta, Justino, F., Goosse, H. and Ivanochko, T. (2005) Mechanisms for millennial-scale global synchronization during the last glacial period Paleoceanography, 20 . PA4008. DOI 10.1029/2004PA001090.

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Global climate during the last glacial period was punctuated by abrupt warmings and occasional pulses of freshwater into the North Atlantic that disrupted deepwater production. These massive freshwater pulses known as Heinrich events arose, in part, from instabilities within the Laurentide ice sheet. Paleoevidence from the North Atlantic suggests that these events altered the production of deep water and changed downstream climate throughout the Northern Hemisphere. In the tropical western Pacific sea, surface temperatures and salinity varied together with ocean and climate changes at high latitudes. Here we present results from coupled modeling experiments that shed light on a possible dynamical link between the North Atlantic Ocean and the western tropical Pacific. This link involves a global oceanic standing wave pattern brought about by millennial-scale glacial density variations in the North Atlantic, atmospheric teleconnections triggered by meridional sea surface temperature gradients, and local air-sea interactions. Furthermore, our modeling results are compared with hydrological records from the Cariaco basin, the Indian Ocean, the Sulu Sea, and northern Australia.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Global climate, last glacial period
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-TM Theory and Modeling
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2004PA001090
ISSN: 0883-8305
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 10 May 2017 09:39

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