Options for modulating intra-specific competition in colonial pinnipeds: the case of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) in the Wadden Sea

Wilson, Rory P., Liebsch, Nikolai, Gomez-Laich, Agustina, Kay, William P., Bone, Andrew, Hobson, Victoria J. and Siebert, Ursula (2015) Options for modulating intra-specific competition in colonial pinnipeds: the case of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) in the Wadden Sea PeerJ, 3 . e957. DOI 10.7717/peerj.957.

[img]
Preview
Text
peerj-957.pdf - Published Version
Available under License ["licenses_description_cc_by_4.0" not defined].

Download (1212Kb) | Preview
[img] Other (Supplementary Data 1)
Kopie von Supplementarydata1_2rdrevision.xlsx - Supplemental Material
Available under License ["licenses_description_cc_by_4.0" not defined].

Download (12Kb)
[img] Other (Supplementary Data 2)
Kopie von Supplementarydata2_2rdrevision.xlsx - Supplemental Material
Available under License ["licenses_description_cc_by_4.0" not defined].

Download (22Kb)

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Colonial pinnipeds may be subject to substantial consumptive competition because they are large, slow-moving central place foragers. We examined possible mechanisms for reducing this competition by examining the diving behaviour of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) after equipping 34 seals (11 females, 23 males) foraging from three locations; Romo, Denmark and Lorenzenplate and Helgoland, Germany, in the Wadden Sea area with time-depth recorders. Analysis of 319,021 dives revealed little between-colony variation but appreciable inter-sex differences, with males diving deeper than females, but for shorter periods. Males also had higher vertical descent rates. This result suggests that males may have higher overall swim speeds, which would increase higher oxygen consumption, and may explain the shorter dive durations compared to females. Intersex variation in swim speed alone is predicted to lead to fundamental differences in the time use of three-dimensional space, which may help reduce consumptive competition in harbour seals and other colonial pinnipeds.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.7717/peerj.957
ISSN: 2167-8359
Projects: MINOS, MINOSplus
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2015 13:12
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2017 10:01
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/30390

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...