Providing harpacticoid copepods via floating sieve improves herring (Clupea harengusL.) larval feeding incidence

Arndt, Carmen, Moison, Maud and Sommer, Ulrich (2016) Providing harpacticoid copepods via floating sieve improves herring (Clupea harengusL.) larval feeding incidence Aquaculture Research, 47 (10). pp. 3156-3168. DOI 10.1111/are.12766.

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Abstract

Harpacticoid copepods are being considered as alternative candidates for live feed in aquaculture, but their benthic affinity may pose problems for pelagic fish larvae. We compared the swimming behaviour and feeding incidence of herring larvae (Clupea harengus) in the presence of harpacticoid copepods (Tachidius discipes) and rotifers (Brachionus plicatilis). Additionally, we provided T. discipes via a floating sieve to improve the prey availability. The comparison was performed at 5 and 10 days post hatch (dph) via 2D-video observations. Quantitative analyses of larval trajectories allowed the estimation of feeding behaviour through a series of indicators: swimming speed, straightness of trajectories, turning angles and swimming activities (break, sink, slow, normal, fast). The outcomes highlighted that the prey type had no significant effect on swimming speed or straightness of the swimming path. However, at 10 dph directly copepod-fed larvae spent less time in slow but more time in the normal swimming-state than rotifer-fed larvae and larvae fed with Tachidius via sieve. This suggests higher energy expenditure of directly copepod-fed larvae. Moreover, the feeding incidence was higher in larvae fed with Tachidius via sieve than directly Tachidius-fed larvae. Thus, providing harpacticoid copepods via a floating sieve can improve the rearing of marine fish larvae.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: foraging behaviour, video analysis, live feed, harpacticoid copepod, rotifer, fish larval rearing
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1111/are.12766
ISSN: 1355-557X
Projects: NEMO
Date Deposited: 18 May 2015 12:55
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2017 09:07
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/28781

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