Effect of early Pliocene uplift on late Pliocene cooling in the Arctic-Atlantic gateway

Knies, Jochen, Mattingsdal, Rune, Fabian, Karl, Grosfjeld, Kari, Baranwal, Soma, Husum, Katrine, De Schepper, Stijn, Vogt, Christoph, Andersen, Nils, Matthiessen, Jens, Andreassen, Karin, Jokat, Wilfried, Nam, Seung-Il and Gaina, Carmen (2014) Effect of early Pliocene uplift on late Pliocene cooling in the Arctic-Atlantic gateway Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 387 . pp. 132-144.

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Despite the undisputed role of the Arctic Ocean in the modern and Pliocene climate system, the Arctic has only recently attracted public awareness that ongoing, fundamental change in the Arctic cryosphere could be a response to global warming. Clarification of the Arctic's role in global climate during the Pliocene is, however, largely hampered by equivocal stratigraphic constraints. From a well-dated Pliocene sequence from the Yermak Plateau, off NW Spitsbergen, we present sedimentological and geochemical data indicating that 4 million years ago terrigenous sediment supply and sources changed abruptly in response to a regional tectonic uplift event. We argue that this event together with contemporary uplift and tilting along the northwestern European continental margin preconditioned the landmasses for glacial ice build-up during intensification of the Northern Hemisphere Glaciation (INHG). Our data further suggest that the final deepening/widening of the Arctic-Atlantic gateway, the Fram Strait, between 6.5 and 5 Ma gradually caused increased deep-water mass exchange which, in turn, likely contributed to the intensification of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation. Coupled to the North Atlantic warm pool as a regional moisture source, declining atmospheric CO2 levels and other feedback mechanisms during the Pliocene, the regional tectonic activities in the high northern latitudes caused decreased summer ablation and thus allowed the initial build-up of glacial ice both in Scandinavia, and the sub-aerially exposed Svalbard/Barents Sea, culminating in the first large-scale coastline-shelf edge glaciations at similar to 2.75 Ma ago. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 6 De Schepper, Stijn/A-2836-2011 De Schepper, Stijn/0000-0002-6934-0914 0 6
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 12:28
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2018 09:38
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/27774

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