Late Holocene Peat growth at the northern Siberian periphery and its relation to Arctic climate change

Bauch, Henning, Abramova, Ekaterina, Alenius, Teija and Saarnisto, Matti (2014) Late Holocene Peat growth at the northern Siberian periphery and its relation to Arctic climate change [Poster] In: AGU Fall Meeting 2014, 15.12.-19.12.2014, San Francisco, California, USA.

Full text not available from this repository. (Contact)

Abstract

PP21B-1330
During the last postglacial evolution of the shallow northern Siberian shelf systems regional sea level in the Arctic came to its Holocene highstand some time between 5 to 6 ka. After that time a general stabilization of the sedimentary regime occurred. That is well noted in a drastic decrease in sedimentation rates observed in all sediment cores taken from middle to outer shelf water depths of the Laptev Sea. But, at water depths lower than 30 meters – i.e., in the inner shelf and nearer to the coasts – sedimentation continued at relatively higher rates, presumably due to input of terrigenous material from river runoff as well as coastal erosion. Compared with that latter process, the huge Lena Delta should comprise a region of sediment catchment where aggradation wins over erosion. However, little is known about the detailed history of this delta during the second half of the Holocene. In order to gain more insight into this issue we have investigated three islands within the Lena Delta. All of these are comprised of massive peat of several meters in thickness. Picking discrete specimens of water mosses (Sphagnum) only, we have radiocarbon-dated these peat sections. The depth/age relation of the sampled profiles reflect the growth rate of peat. It shows that the islands’ history above the present-day delta-sea level is about 4000 yrs. old. Moreover, a significant change in peat growth occurred after 2500 yrs BP in both, accumulation and composition, and allows the conclusion of a major shift in Arctic environmental conditions since then. Thus, our results may add further information also for other coastal studies, as the ongoing degradation of the rather vulnerable permafrost coast in the Laptev Sea and elsewhere along the North Siberian margin is often mentioned in context with recent Arctic climate change due to global warming.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Keywords: Sea level; Sedimentation; Climate change; Lena Delta; Siberian Arctic
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Related URLs:
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Transdrift
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2015 11:53
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2015 11:53
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/27653

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item