Formation of solid bituminous matter in pegmatites: Constraints from experimentally formed organic matter on microporous silicate minerals

Golowin, Roman, Holzheid, Astrid, Sönnichsen, Frank and Chukanov, Nikita V. (2014) Formation of solid bituminous matter in pegmatites: Constraints from experimentally formed organic matter on microporous silicate minerals Chemie Der Erde-Geochemistry, 74 (3). pp. 343-351.

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Abstract

The formation of solid bituminous matter (SBM) on surfaces of microporous silicates was experimentally studied at pressure and temperature conditions typical of late-stage magmatic and hydrothermal processes. Aliquots of microporous silicate minerals (zorite and kuzmenkoite-Mn, Lovozero Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia) were exposed to solid or liquid organic carbon sources (natural brown coal and liquid 1-hexene for synthesis purposes) in a 0.1 M NaCl-solution for 7 days, at constant pressure (50 MPa), and at three individual temperatures (200, 275, and 300 degrees C). No thermal decomposition of the solid organic sources happened at 200 degrees C and only a thin film of brown coal derivatives on the silicates' surfaces and no formation of SBM were observed at 275 degrees C and 300 degrees C. But solid bituminous matter on the surfaces of both microporous silicates were detected in experiments with liquid 1-hexene as organic carbon source and at temperatures of 275 degrees C and 300 degrees C with a more pronounced formation of SBM at 300 C compared to 275 degrees C. The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons, as well as alcoholic compounds of the experimentally produced SBM are similar, if not even partly identical, with natural SBM occurrences of the Khibiny and Lovozero Massifs, Kola Peninsula, Russia, and from the Viitaniemi granitic pegmatite, Finland, as shown by FT-IR and H-1 NMR spectroscopy. This strengthens the hypothesis of formation of natural solid bituminous matter by catalytic reactions between microporous Ti-, Nb- and Zr-silicates and hydrocarbons at postmagmatic hydrothermal conditions. (C) 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 SI 0
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
UNSPECIFIED
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0009-2819
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 12:16
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 09:27
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/27586

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