Distribution of long chain heterocyst glycolipids in N-2-fixing cyanobacteria of the order Stigonematales

Bauersachs, Thorsten, Mudimu, Opayi, Schulz, Rüdiger and Schwark, Lorenz (2014) Distribution of long chain heterocyst glycolipids in N-2-fixing cyanobacteria of the order Stigonematales Phytochemistry, 98 . pp. 145-150.

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Abstract

N-2-fixing heterocystous cyanobacteria have been shown to hold a suite of unique glycolipids, so-called heterocyst glycolipids (HGs), as part of the heterocyst cell envelope. It was also demonstrated that the distribution of these components bears a high level of chemotaxonomic information, which allows distinguishing heterocystous cyanobacteria of the order Nostocales on a family or even genus level. Here we report the heterocyst glycolipid composition of five representatives of the order Stigonematales (Fischerella muscicola, Fischerella sp., Nostochopsis lobatus, Westiellopsis prolifica and Westiellopsis sp.), which have largely escaped a detailed investigation of their HG content so far. All analyzed strains contained a similar qualitative mixture of HGs with 1-(O-hexose)-3,29,31-dotriacontanetriol (HG(32) triol) dominating over minor quantities of 1-(O-hexose)-29-keto-3,31-dotriacontanediol (HG(32) keto-diol). When viewed in conjunction with previous culture studies on the HG composition of heterocystous cyanobacteria, our results demonstrate that HG(32) triols and their corresponding keto-diol varieties are characteristic biological markers for heterocystous cyanobacteria of the order Stigonematales. Given that these N-2-fixers primarily occur in tropical to subtropical freshwater lakes and subaerial habitats, the presence of HG(32) triols and keto-diols in sedimentary sequences may offer additional information on climatic conditions in palaeoenvironmental studies. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 0
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0031-9422
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 11:58
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2018 15:28
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/27124

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