Weak genetic divergence between the two South American toad-headed turtles Mesoclemmys dahli and M. zuliae (Testudines: Pleurodira: Chelidae)

Vargas-Ramírez, M., Fritz, U., Gallego-García, N., Cárdenas-Arevalo, G., Castaño-Mora, O. V. and Michels, Jan (2012) Weak genetic divergence between the two South American toad-headed turtles Mesoclemmys dahli and M. zuliae (Testudines: Pleurodira: Chelidae) Amphibia-Reptilia, 33 (3-4). pp. 373-385. DOI 10.1163/15685381-00002840.

[img] Text
weak_genetic_divergence.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1387Kb)

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Mesoclemmys dahli and M. zuliae are two endangered, little-known toad-headed turtles with small distribution ranges in Colombia and Venezuela, respectively. Using the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene as a marker, we investigate their phylogeographic differentiation. Furthermore, based on 2341 bp of mtDNA and 2109 bp of nDNA of M. dahli, M. zuliae and allied chelid turtles, we infer their divergence time using a fossil-calibrated relaxed molecular clock approach. Mesoclemmys dahli and M. zuliae are closely related species, with an estimated mean divergence time of 10.6 million years. This estimate correlates with the uplift of the Serranía de Perijá, an Andean mountain chain separating their distribution ranges, suggesting that this event could have caused the evolution of the two species. Haplotype and nucleotide diversities of M. dahli are markedly higher than in Podocnemis lewyana, another endemic turtle species of Colombia. This pronounced dissimilarity may reflect differences in the phylogeographies and demographic histories of the two species, but also different habitat preferences.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Colombia, molecular clock, mtDNA, nDNA, phylogeography, Venezuela
Research affiliation: Kiel University
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1163/15685381-00002840
ISSN: 0173-5373
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2015 12:20
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2015 12:20
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/27096

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...