Mechanisms behind the metabolic flexibility of an invasive comb jelly

Augustine, Starrlight, Jaspers, Cornelia, Kooijman, Sebastiaan A.L.M., Carlotti, François, Poggiale, Jean-Christophe, Freitas, Vânia, van der Veer, Henk and van Walraven, Lodewijk (2014) Mechanisms behind the metabolic flexibility of an invasive comb jelly Journal of Sea Research, 94 . pp. 156-165. DOI 10.1016/j.seares.2014.09.005.

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Abstract

Highlights:
• A DEB model for M. leidyi was parameterized using 60 datasets from literature.
• 12 °C might already be outside the optimal temperature range.
• M. leidyi has high reserve turnover rates and a high structural component.
• Delayed metabolic acceleration confers flexibility in controlling generation time.

Abstract:
Mnemiopsis leidyi is an invasive comb jelly which has successfully established itself in European seas. The species is known to produce spectacular blooms yet it is holoplanktonic and not much is known about its population dynamics in between. One way to gain insight on how M. leidyi might survive between blooms and how it can bloom so fast is to study how the metabolism of this species actually responds to environmental changes in food and temperature over its different life-stages. To this end we combined modelling and data analysis to study the energy budget of M. leidyi over its full life-cycle using Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory and literature data.

An analysis of data obtained at temperatures ranging from 8 to 30 °C suggests that the optimum thermal tolerance range of M. leidyi is higher than 12 °C. Furthermore M. leidyi seems to undergo a so-called metabolic acceleration after hatching. Intriguingly, the onset of the acceleration appears to be delayed and the data do not yet exist which allows determining what actually triggers it. It is hypothesised that this delay confers a lot of metabolic flexibility by controlling generation time.

We compared the DEB model parameters for this species with those of another holoplanktonic gelatinous zooplankton species (Pelagia noctiluca). After accounting for differences in water content, the comparison shows just how fundamentally different the two energy allocation strategies are. P. noctiluca has an extremely high reserve capacity, low turnover times of reserve compounds and high resistance to shrinking. M. leidyi adopts the opposite strategy: it has a low reserve capacity, high turnover rates of reserve compounds and fast shrinking.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000348014300018
Keywords: Dynamic Energy Budget Theory; Mnemiopsis leidyi; Growth; Reproduction; Development; Metabolic Acceleration
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.seares.2014.09.005
ISSN: 1385-1101
Projects: MODIMIG
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2015 09:30
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2017 10:56
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/26954

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