Insights from Antarctica on volcanic forcing during the Common Era

Sigl, Michael, McConnell, Joseph R., Toohey, Matthew, Curran, Mark, Das, Sarah B., Edwards, Ross, Isaksson, Elisabeth, Kawamura, Kenji, Kipfstuhl, Sepp, Krüger, Kirstin, Layman, Lawrence, Maselli, Olivia J., Motizuki, Yuko, Motoyama, Hideaki, Pasteris, Daniel R. and Severi, Mirko (2014) Insights from Antarctica on volcanic forcing during the Common Era Nature Climate Change, 4 (8). pp. 693-697. DOI 10.1038/nclimate2293.

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Abstract

Assessments of climate sensitivity to projected greenhouse gas concentrations underpin environmental policy decisions, with such assessments often based on model simulations of climate during recent centuries and millennia1, 2, 3. These simulations depend critically on accurate records of past aerosol forcing from global-scale volcanic eruptions, reconstructed from measurements of sulphate deposition in ice cores4, 5, 6. Non-uniform transport and deposition of volcanic fallout mean that multiple records from a wide array of ice cores must be combined to create accurate reconstructions. Here we re-evaluated the record of volcanic sulphate deposition using a much more extensive array of Antarctic ice cores. In our new reconstruction, many additional records have been added and dating of previously published records corrected through precise synchronization to the annually dated West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide ice core7, improving and extending the record throughout the Common Era. Whereas agreement with existing reconstructions is excellent after 1500, we found a substantially different history of volcanic aerosol deposition before 1500; for example, global aerosol forcing values from some of the largest eruptions (for example, 1257 and 1458) previously were overestimated by 20–30% and others underestimated by 20–50%.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000341568200022
Keywords: SURFACE MASS-BALANCE; ICE CORE; SULFATE DEPOSITION; ERUPTIONS; CLIMATE; RECONSTRUCTIONS; VARIABILITY; SENSITIVITY; CENTURIES; RECORD
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/nclimate2293
ISSN: 1758-678X
Projects: MiKlip
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2014 08:17
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2017 11:50
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/25754

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