Past methane release events and environmental conditions at the upper continental slope of the South China Sea: constraints by seep carbonates

Han, Xiqiu, Suess, Erwin, Liebetrau, Volker, Eisenhauer, Anton and Huang, Yongyang (2014) Past methane release events and environmental conditions at the upper continental slope of the South China Sea: constraints by seep carbonates International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103 (7). pp. 1873-1887. DOI 10.1007/s00531-014-1018-5.

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Abstract

Authigenic carbonates and seep biota are archives of seepage history and record paleo-environmental conditions at seep sites. We obtained the timing of past methane release events at the northeastern slope of the South China Sea based on U/Th dating of seep carbonates and seep bivalve fragments from three sites located at 22°02′–22°09′N, 118°43′–118°52′E (water depths from 473 to 785 m). Also, we were able to reconstruct the paleo-bottom water temperatures by calculating the equilibrium temperature using the ages, the corresponding past δ18O of seawater (δ18Osw) and the δ18O of the selected samples formed in contact with bottom seawater with negligible deep fluid influence. A criterion consists of mineralogy, redox-sensitive trace elements and U/Th-isotope systematics is proposed to identify whether the samples were formed from pore water or have been influenced by deep fluid. Our results show that all methane release events occurred between 11.5 ± 0.2 and 144.5 ± 12.7 ka, when sea level was about 62–104 m lower than today. Enhanced methane release during low sea-level stands seems to be modulated by reduced hydrostatic pressure, increased incision of canyons and increased sediment loads. The calculated past bottom water temperature at one site (Site 3; water depth: 767–771 m) during low sea-level stands 11.5 and 65 ka ago ranges from 3.3 to 4.0 °C, i.e., 1.3 to 2.2 °C colder than at present. The reliability of δ18O of seep carbonates and bivalve shells as a proxy for bottom water temperatures is critically assessed in light of 18O-enriched fluids that might be emitted from gas hydrate and/or clay dehydration. Our approach provides for the first time an independent estimate of past bottom water temperatures of the upper continental slope of the South China Sea.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000343216700010
Keywords: Seep carbonates ; U/Th ages ; Methane release events ; O- and C-isotopes ; Bottom water temperature reconstruction ; South China Sea
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > SFB 574
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00531-014-1018-5
ISSN: 1437-3254
Projects: SFB574, GEOTECHNOLOGIEN
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
SFB 574UNSPECIFIED
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2014 10:28
Last Modified: 23 May 2017 08:43
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/25727

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