Constraining mid to late Holocene relative sea level change in the southern equatorial Pacific Ocean relative to the Society Islands, French Polynesia

Rashid, Rashid, Eisenhauer, Anton, Stocchi, Paolo, Liebetrau, Volker, Fietzke, Jan, Rüggeberg, Andres and Dullo, Wolf-Christian (2014) Constraining mid to late Holocene relative sea level change in the southern equatorial Pacific Ocean relative to the Society Islands, French Polynesia Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 15 (6). pp. 2601-2615. DOI 10.1002/2014GC005272.

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Abstract

Precisely quantifying the current climate-related sea level change requires accurate knowledge of long-term geological processes known as Glacial Isostatic Adjustments (GIA). Although the major postglacial melting phase is likely to have ended ∼6–4 ka BP (before present), GIA is still significantly affecting the present-day vertical position of the mean sea surface and the sea bottom. Here we present empirical rsl (relative sea level) data based on U/Th dated fossil corals from reef platforms of the Society Islands, French Polynesia, together with the corresponding GIA-modeling. Fossil coral data constrain the timing and amplitude of rsl variations after the Holocene sea level maximum (HSLM). Upon correction for isostatic island subsidence, we find that local rsl was at least ∼1.5 ± 0.4 m higher than present at ∼5.4 ka. Later, minor amplitude variations occurred until ∼2 ka, when the rsl started dropping to its present position with a rate of ∼0.4 mm/yr. The data match with predicted rsl curves based on global ice-sheet chronologies confirming the role of GIA-induced ocean siphoning effect throughout the mid to late Holocene. A long lasting Late Holocene highstand superimposed with second-order amplitudinal fluctuations as seen from our data suggest that the theoretical predicted timing of rsl change can still be refined pending future calibration.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000340362500032
Keywords: fossil coral record; U-Th geochronology; sea level highstand; microatolls
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2014GC005272
ISSN: 1525-2027
Projects: Future Ocean, CHECKREEF
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2014 12:56
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2018 11:03
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/25475

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