The CO2 system in the Mediterranean Sea: a basin wide perspective

Alvarez, M., Sanleon-Bartolomé, H., Tanhua, Toste, Mintrop, L., Luchetta, A., Cantoni, C., Schroeder, K. and Civitarese, G. (2014) The CO2 system in the Mediterranean Sea: a basin wide perspective Ocean Science, 10 (1). pp. 69-92. DOI 10.5194/os-10-69-2014.

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Abstract

The Mediterranean Sea (MedSea) is considered a "laboratory basin" being an ocean in miniature, suffering dramatic changes in its oceanographic and biogeochemical conditions derived from natural and anthropogenic forces. Moreover, the MedSea is prone to absorb and store anthropogenic carbon due to the particular CO2 chemistry and the active overturning circulation. Despite this, water column CO2 measurements covering the whole basin are scarce. This work aims to be a base-line for future studies about the CO2 system space-time variability in the MedSea combining historic and modern CO2 cruises in the whole area. Here we provide an extensive vertical and longitudinal description of the CO2 system variables (total alkalinity – TA, dissolved inorganic carbon – DIC and pH) along an East-West transect and across the Sardinia-Sicily passage in the MedSea from two oceanographic cruises conducted in 2011 measuring CO2 variables in a coordinated fashion, the RV Meteor M84/3 and the RV Urania EuroFleets 11, respectively. In this sense, we provide full-depth and length CO2 distributions across the MedSea, and property-property plots showing in each sub-basin post-Eastern Mediterranean Transient (EMT) situation with regard to TA, DIC and pH.

The over-determined CO2 system in 2011 allowed performing the first internal consistency analysis for the particularly warm, high salinity and alkalinity MedSea waters. The CO2 constants by Mehrbach et al. (1973) refitted by Dickson and Millero (1987) are recommended. The sensitivity of the CO2 system to the atmospheric CO2 increase, DIC and/or TA changes is evaluated by means of the Revelle and buffer factors.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000332316200006
Keywords: CARBONIC-ACID; DISSOCIATION-CONSTANTS; INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY; ALKALINITY DETERMINATION; ION CONCENTRATIONS; INORGANIC CARBON; ESTUARINE WATERS; ADRIATIC SEA; DEEP WATERS; SEAWATER
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/os-10-69-2014
ISSN: 1812-0784
Projects: DFG TA 317/3-1, MICINN (MedSea Repeat), Future Ocean
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2014 07:32
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2015 08:16
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/24347

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