The chronic effect of nitrate on production performance and health status of juvenile turbot (Psetta maxima)

van Bussel, C. G. J., Schröder, Jan, Wuertz, S. and Schulz, C. (2012) The chronic effect of nitrate on production performance and health status of juvenile turbot (Psetta maxima) Aquaculture, 326-329 . pp. 163-167.

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Abstract

The chronic effect of nitrate on the production performance and health of marine cultured fish species is still unknown. Thus, the aim of the present research was to evaluate the chronic effect of nitrate on production parameters and health status of turbot (Psetta maxima). Juvenile turbot were exposed to 0 mg/L NO3-N (control C), 125 mg/L NO3-N (low nitrate LN), 250 mg/L NO3-N (medium nitrate MN) and 500 mg/L NO3-N (high nitrate HN) for 6 weeks in small-scaled recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). After 42 d, biomass yield, length, weight and specific growth rate (SGR) were significantly (p < 0.05) lower for LN, MN and HN compared to C. Mortality, food conversion ratio (FCR), condition factor (CF) and splenic index (SI) did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) between C and LN but were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in the MN and HN groups. Hepatosomatic index (HSI), total hemoglobin (Hb) and methemoglobin (MetHb) did not show significant differences (p > 0.05) between treatments. Thus, nitrate negatively influences the production performance of turbot, even at low concentrations and nitrate management is therefore a key-factor in turbot RAS production. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000302317800024
Keywords: Nitrate; Toxicity; Marine; RAS; Turbot; trout oncorhynchus-mykiss; scophthalmus-maximus; rainbow-trout; ammonia; toxicity; nitrite toxicity; penaeus-monodon; food conversion; growth-rate; fish; methemoglobin;
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R04
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0044-8486
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 14 May 2014 09:07
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2017 09:50
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/24277

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