Impact of changing carbonate chemistry, temperature, and salinity on growth and test degradation of the benthic foraminifer Ammonia aomoriensis

Haynert, Kristin and Schönfeld, Joachim (2014) Impact of changing carbonate chemistry, temperature, and salinity on growth and test degradation of the benthic foraminifer Ammonia aomoriensis Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 44 (2). pp. 76-89. DOI 10.2113/gsjfr.44.2.76.

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Abstract

The present study investigated the combined effects of ocean acidification, temperature, and salinity on growth and test degradation of Ammonia aomoriensis. This species is one
of the dominant benthic foraminifera in near-coastal habitats of the southwestern Baltic Sea that can be particularly sensitive to changes in seawater carbonate chemistry. To
assess potential responses to ocean acidification and climate change, we performed a fully crossed experiment involving three temperatures (8, 13, and 18uC), three salinities (15, 20, and 25) and four pCO2 levels (566, 1195, 2108, and 3843 matm) for six weeks. Our results highlight a sensitive response of A. aomoriensis to undersaturated seawater with respect to calcite. The specimens continued to grow and increase their test diameter in treatments with pCO2 ,1200 matm, when Vcalc .1. Growth rates declined when pCO2 exceeded 1200 matm (Vcalc ,1). A significant reduction in test diameter and number of tests due to dissolution was observed below a critical Vcalc of 0.5. Elevated temperature
(18uC) led to increased Vcalc, larger test diameter, and lower test degradation. Maximal growth was observed at 18uC. No significant relationship was observed between salinity and test growth. Lowered and undersaturated Vcalc, which results from increasing pCO2 in bottom waters, may cause a significant future decline of the population density of A. aomoriensis in its natural environment. At the same time, this
effect might be partially compensated by temperature rise due to global warming.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000335208600002
Keywords: benthic foraminifera, ocean acidification, global warming, salinity, growth, test degradation, Baltic Sea
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.2113/gsjfr.44.2.76
ISSN: 0096-1191
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2014 11:54
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 08:21
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/24087

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