Zur Gründung des Instituts für Meereskunde der Universität Kiel 1933 bis 1945

Gerlach, Sebastian A. and Kortum, Gerhard (2000) Zur Gründung des Instituts für Meereskunde der Universität Kiel 1933 bis 1945 Historisch-Meereskundliches Jahrbuch, 7 . pp. 7-48.

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Up to 1937 there was no marine science institute at Kiel, but marine research was done within the university institutes of zoology, botany, geology and geography, and since 1870 was supported by the Prussian Commission for Scientific Investigations of the German Seas, since 1900 also by the German Scientific Commission for Marine Research. In 1933, the first year of the national socialistic regime, the Philosophical Faculty developed plans for an Institute of Marine Research of Kiel University. In 1934 Kiel University sent a memorandum regarding the institute to the Minister of Education in Berlin. In 1936 Adolf Remane was appointed Director of the Zoological Institute of Kiel University and at the same time got order to found a marine science institute with departments of biology, hydrography/chemistry and hydrogeology at Kitzeberg on the eastern banks of Kiel Fjord. In 1937 the Institute of Marine Research was inaugurated and Remane was appointed provisional director. In 1944 the chemist Hermann Wattenberg became director, but he was killed on 24 July 1944 when the institute building was destroyed by bombs. After the war the institute was re-installed in Kiel

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Marine research; Marine sciences; Oceanography, history; Institute of Marine Research of Kiel University; Archiv für Meereskunde
Research affiliation: OceanRep > Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Refereed: No
ISSN: 0943-5697
Projects: Archiv Kieler Meeresforschung, Archiv Deutsche Meeresforschung
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2014 11:46
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2017 08:54
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/23774

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