Tropical Atlantic SST history inferred from Ca isotope thermometry over the last 140 ka

Hippler, D., Eisenhauer, Anton and Nägler, T. F. (2006) Tropical Atlantic SST history inferred from Ca isotope thermometry over the last 140 ka Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70 . pp. 90-100. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2005.07.022.

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Exploring the potentials of new methods in palaeothermometry is essential to improve our understanding of past climate change. Here, we present a refinement of the published δ44/40Ca-temperature calibration investigating modern specimens of planktonic foraminifera Globigerinoides sacculifer and apply this to sea surface temperature (SST) reconstructions over the last two glacial–interglacial cycles. Reproduced measurements of modern G. sacculifer collected from surface waters describe a linear relationship for the investigated temperature range (19.0–28.5 °C): δ44/40Ca [‰] = 0.22 (±0.05)∗SST [°C] −4.88. Thus a change of δ44/40Ca[‰] of 0.22 (±0.05) corresponds to a relative change of 1 °C. The refined δ44/40Camodern-calibration allows the determination of both relative temperature changes and absolute temperatures in the past. This δ44/40Camodern-calibration for G. sacculifer has been applied to the tropical East Atlantic sediment core GeoB1112 for which other SST proxy data are available. Comparison of the different data sets gives no indication for significant secondary overprinting of the δ44/40Ca signal. Long-term trends in reconstructed SST correlate strongly with temperature records derived from oxygen isotopes and Mg/Ca ratios supporting the methods validity. The observed change of SST of approximately 3 °C at the Holocene-last glacial maximum transition reveals additional evidence for the important role of the tropical Atlantic in triggering global climate change, based on a new independent palaeothermometer.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2005.07.022
ISSN: 0016-7037
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 11:32

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