Geochemical evidence of oceanic iron fertilization by the Kasatochi volcanic eruption in 2008 and the potential impacts on Pacific sockeye salmon

Olgun, Nazli, Duggen, Svend, Langmann, B., Hort, M., Waythomas, C. F., Hoffmann, Linn J. and Croot, Peter (2013) Geochemical evidence of oceanic iron fertilization by the Kasatochi volcanic eruption in 2008 and the potential impacts on Pacific sockeye salmon Marine Ecology Progress Series, 488 . pp. 81-88. DOI 10.3354/meps10403.

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Abstract

The Kasatochi volcanic eruption that occurred in the central Aleutian Islands in Alaska, USA, in August 2008 is thought to have induced a massive diatom bloom in the iron-limited waters of the Gulf of Alaska, which potentially affected the oceanic food web by increasing the abundance of zooplankton and sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka in the northeast Pacific Ocean. We report the first seawater experiments involving volcanic ash ejected from the Kasatochi eruption, showing that the ash released 61 to 83 nmol Fe, 374 to 410 nmol NO3-, 5 to 6 nmol PO43- and 170 to 585 nmol SiO2 when it contacted seawater. Our study suggests that the amount of iron released from Kasatochi ash (an increase of 2.0 to 2.8 nM Fe) was indeed sufficient to cause the observed phytoplankton bloom in the northeastern Pacific Gyre, while the impact of macronutrient release was minimal. We further evaluated the multiple, interdependent processes in the oceanic food web related to the diatom bloom, involving the ocean survival of juvenile salmon that entered the northeast Pacific Ocean in the summer of 2008.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000323245800007
Keywords: Kasatochi eruption · Volcanic ash · Fe limitation · Diatom bloom · Gulf of Alaska · Sockeye salmon
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 574
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3354/meps10403
ISSN: 0171-8630
Projects: SFB574
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
SFB 574174
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2013 08:27
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2017 23:38
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/21945

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