Sediment distribution on the inner continental shelf off Khao Lak (Thailand) after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami

Feldens, Peter, Schwarzer, Klaus, Sakuna, D., Szczucinski, W. and Somgpongchaiykul, A. (2012) Sediment distribution on the inner continental shelf off Khao Lak (Thailand) after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami Earth, Planets and Space, 64 (10). pp. 875-887. DOI 10.5047/eps.2011.09.001.

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The coastline of Khao Lak (Thailand) was heavily damaged by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Onshore tsunami deposits and satellite images, which show large amounts of sediment transported offshore, indicate that the seafloor was impacted by tsunami run-up and backwash. In this study, high-resolution maps of sediment distribution patterns and the geological development of the seafloor are presented. These maps are based on multibeam, side-scan sonar and seismic profiling surveys offshore Khao Lak. Paleoreefs, with associated boulder fields and sandy sediment dominate the inner continental shelf. Patches of fine-grained (silt to fine sand) sediments exist in water depths of less than 15 m. The sediment distribution pattern is stable between 2008 and 2010, apart from small shifts regarding the boundaries of the fine-grained sediment patches. In one sediment core and several grab samples an event layer was documented, situated below a cover of modern sediments which is only a few cm thick. The event-layer is traced down to 18 m water depth. It consists mostly of sand and contains compounds of terrigenous origin. It is interpreted as a 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami deposit. However, over large areas of the study-site, the impact of the tsunami is hardly identifiable by seafloor morphology or sediment distribution.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, offshore tsunami deposits, continental shelf, nearshore deposits, Andaman Sea
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5047/eps.2011.09.001
ISSN: 1343-8832
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2012 10:35
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2018 10:54

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