Sedimentary deposits left by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami on the inner continental shelf offshore of Khao Lak, Andaman Sea (Thailand)

Sakuna, D., Szczucinski, W., Feldens, Peter, Schwarzer, Klaus and Khokiattiwong, S. (2012) Sedimentary deposits left by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami on the inner continental shelf offshore of Khao Lak, Andaman Sea (Thailand) Earth, Planets and Space, 64 (10). pp. 931-943. DOI 10.5047/eps.2011.08.010.

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Abstract

Tsunami waves leave sedimentary signatures both onshore and offshore, although the latter are hardly known. The objective of the present study is to provide new evidence for the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami deposits left on the inner continental shelf of the Andaman Sea (Thailand) and to identify diagnostic sedimentological and geochemical properties of these deposits. Based on extensive seafloor mapping, three sediment cores were selected for study and were analysed for their sedimentary structures, grain size composition, chemical elemental composition, physical properties and 210Pb activity. Sediment cores retrieved from shallow water (9-15 m) within 7.5 km off the shore revealed distinct event layers, which were interpreted as being tsunami deposits. These 20-25 cm thick deposits were already covered with post-tsunami marine sediments. They were composed of several units, marine sand layers alternating with poorly sorted mud with terrigenous and anthropogenic components, representing different hydrodynamic conditions (probably during run-up and backwash phase). These sedimentological observations were supported by geochemical and physical data and were confirmed using 210Pb dating. A sediment core taken from a depth of 57 m at a distance of 25 km offshore did not reveal clear event deposits. Comparisons with available data from offshore tsunami deposits showed that there is no single set of signatures that could be applied to identify this kind of deposits.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, offshore tsunami deposits, sedimentology, Khao Lak, Thailand
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5047/eps.2011.08.010
ISSN: 1343-8832
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2012 10:35
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2018 11:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/19560

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