Variation in particulate C and N isotope composition following iron fertilization in two successive phytoplankton communities in the Southern Ocean

Berg, Gry M., Mills, Matthew M., Long, Matt C., Bellerby, Richard, Strass, Volker, Savoye, Nicolas, Röttgers, Rüdiger, Croot, Peter L., Webb, Adrian and Arrigo, Kevin R. (2011) Variation in particulate C and N isotope composition following iron fertilization in two successive phytoplankton communities in the Southern Ocean Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25 (3). GB3013. DOI 10.1029/2010gb003824.

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Abstract

Surface delta(15)N(PON) increased 3.92 +/- 0.48 over the course of 20 days following additions of iron (Fe) to an eddy in close proximity to the Antarctic Polar Front in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. The change in delta(15)N(PON) was associated with an increase in the >20 mu m size fraction, leading to a maximal difference of 6.23 between the >20 mu m and <20 mu m size fractions. Surface delta(13)C(POC) increased 1.18 +/- 0.31 over the same period. After a decrease in particulate organic matter in the surface layer, a second phytoplankton community developed that accumulated less biomass, had a slower growth rate and was characterized by an offset of 1.56 in delta(13)C(POC) relative to the first community. During growth of the second community, surface delta(13)C(POC) further increased 0.83 +/- 0.13. Here we speculate on ways that carboxylation, nitrogen assimilation, substrate pool enrichment and community composition may have contributed to the gradual increase in delta(13)C(POC) associated with phytoplankton biomass accumulation, as well as the systematic offset in delta(13)C(POC) between the two phytoplankton communities.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Southern Ocean; phytoplankton; stable isotopes; equatorial pacific-ocean alga selenastrum-minutum sub-arctic pacific polar frontal zone nitrogen uptake carbon-dioxide organic-matter surface-water phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase enrichment experiment
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
HZG
AWI
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2010gb003824
ISSN: 0886-6236
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2012 05:03
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 10:08
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/16782

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