Structural locations of the iron ions in cordierite: a spectroscopic study

Khomenko, V. M., Langer, K. and Geiger, C. A. (2001) Structural locations of the iron ions in cordierite: a spectroscopic study Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 141 (4). pp. 381-396.

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A series of 21 cordierites with 0.06 < Fe2+ cations pfu < 1.54 from different petrogenetic environments were studied by polarized electronic absorption single-crystal spectroscopy and Fe-57 Mossbauer spectroscopy (MS). The electronic spectra measured in the range 35,000-1,000 cm(-1) using microscope techniques were also obtained at different temperatures between 80 and 700 K on five different samples. The aim of this study was to answer the still-debated question of the location of iron in the cordierite structure. Both electronic absorption and Fe-57 Mossbauer spectra confirm the presence of Fe2+ on two different structural positions. The major fraction, 90-99% of the total Fe2+, occupies the octahedral site 8g in orthorhombic cordierite. Minor amounts of Fe2+ occur in a second, nonoctahedral site. The octahedral and non-octahedral Fe2+ give rise to two MS doublets and to different absorption bands in the electronic absorption spectra, namely nu (1) and nu (2) at about 8,300 and 10,000 cm(-1) both of which are alpha -polarized for octahedral Fe2+, and beta/gamma -polarized nu (3) at about 10,500 cm(-1) for non-octahedral Fe2+. The integral intensities of the nu (1) and nu (2) bands increase linearly with increasing total iron contents. Their energies decrease slightly with increasing Fe2+. Increasing temperature causes a shift of nu (1) to lower energies, while the integral intensities of nu (1) and nu (2) increase. These observations permit an assignment of the v, and nu (2) bands to transitions derived from the T-5(2g)-->E-5(g) transition of octahedral Fe2+. The integral intensity of the beta- and gamma -polarized nu (3) band correlates linearly with the concentration of non-octahedral Fe2+. Its high molar extinction coefficient, ca. 150 cm(-2) 1 mol(-1), and temperature independence are best explained by its assignment to dd transitions of Fe2+ in tetrahedral coordination. There occurs also a broad band at 18,000 cm(-1) polarized predominantly along b. Its properties are typical of a metal-metal charge transfer (CT) band involving Fe2+ on the octahedra and Fe3+ on the T(1)1-tetrahedra, the two of which are edge-shared. All spectroscopic data, including changes in the electronic spectra caused by heating at 1,000 degreesC in air, as well as crystal-chemical considerations, suggest that the ring-connecting T(1)1-tetrahedra contain small amounts of Fe2+.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: intervalence charge-transfer double-ring silicates crystal-chemistry x-ray minerals bearing temperature spectra rocks fe2+
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: No
ISSN: 0010-7999
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2012 07:27
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 10:39

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