Physical properties of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks from the Sulu terrain, eastern central China: implications for the seismic structure at the Donghai (CCSD) drilling site

Kern, H., Jin, Z. M., Gao, S., Popp, T. and Xu, Z. Q. (2002) Physical properties of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks from the Sulu terrain, eastern central China: implications for the seismic structure at the Donghai (CCSD) drilling site Tectonophysics, 354 (3-4). pp. 315-330. DOI 10.1016/s0040-1951(02)00339-6.

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Abstract

About 30 samples representing major lithologies of Sulu ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphic rocks were collected from surface exposures and exploration wells, and compressional (Vp) and shear wave (Vs) velocities and their directional dependence (anisotropy) were determined over a range of constant confining pressures up to 600 MPa and temperatures ranging from 20 to 600 degreesC. Samples range in composition from acidic to ultramafic. P- and S-wave velocities measured at 600 MPa vary from 5.08 to 8.64 km/s and 2.34 to 4.93 km/s, respectively. Densities are in the range from 2.60 to 3.68 g/cm(3). To make a direct tie between seismic measurements (refraction and reflection) and subsurface lithologies, the experimental velocity data (corresponding to shallow depths) were used to calculate velocity profiles for the different lithologies and profiles of reflection coefficients at possible lithologic interfaces across the projected 5000-m Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling Program (CCSD) crustal segment. Comparison of calculated in situ velocities with respective intrinsic velocities suggests that the in situ velocities at shallow depths are lowered by an increased abundance of open microcracks. The strongly reflective zone beneath the Donghai drill site can be explained by the impedance contrasts between the different lithologies. Contacts between eclogite/peridotite and felsic rocks (gt-gneiss, granitic gneiss), in particular, may give rise to strong seismic reflections. In addition, shear-induced (lattice preferred orientation (LPO)-related) seismic anisotropy can increase reflectivity. For the explanation of the high velocity bodies (>6.4 km/s) around 1000 m and below 3200-m depth, large proportions of eclogite/peridotite (about 40 and 30 vol.%, respectively) are needed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: scientific drilling UHP rocks seismic properties (Vp and Vs) densities crustal lithology lower-crustal wave velocities high-temperature dabie-shan anisotropy zone eclogite zircon geochronology xenoliths
Research affiliation: Kiel University
DOI etc.: 10.1016/s0040-1951(02)00339-6
ISSN: 0040-1951
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2012 07:03
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 10:36
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/16248

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