Tectonic control of ocean island basalt sources on Sao Miguel, Azores?

Haase, Karsten and Beier, Christoph (2003) Tectonic control of ocean island basalt sources on Sao Miguel, Azores? Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (16). DOI 185610.1029/2003gl017500.

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[1] The calderas of the two isotopically distinct volcanoes Sete Cidades and Agua de Pau on Sao Miguel are only 30 km apart. Sete Cidades lavas generally have Sr-87/Sr-86 < 0.7038 while Agua de Pau lavas have Sr-87/ Sr-86 > 0.7040. Two overlapping rift zones exist between the two volcanoes and the lava compositions show that each rift zone is connected to the neighbouring volcano. Limited mixing between the volcanic systems implies separate ascent paths and magma sources with diameters of similar to 20 km. The two volcanic systems follow contrasting directions; the Sete Cidades volcanic rift strikes NW parallel to the extensional Terceira Rift, while the Agua de Pau volcanic rift zone strikes E-W. The covariation of magma sources and lithospheric tectonics may suggest that the tectonic structure of the lithosphere controls the mantle upwelling beneath Sao Miguel.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: geochemistry isotopes magma reservoir rift zones basalt spreading center enriched mantle gravity-data mauna-loa volcanos orientation isotope origin magma
Research affiliation: Kiel University
DOI etc.: 185610.1029/2003gl017500
ISSN: 0094-8276
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 05:52
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 10:35
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/16193

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