Changes in Northeast Atlantic temperature and carbon flux during the Cenomanian/Turonian paleoceanographic event: the Goban Spur stable isotope record

Gustafsson, Mikael, Holbourn, Ann and Kuhnt, Wolfgang (2003) Changes in Northeast Atlantic temperature and carbon flux during the Cenomanian/Turonian paleoceanographic event: the Goban Spur stable isotope record Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 201 (1-2). pp. 51-66. DOI 10.1016/s0031-0182(03)00509-1.

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Abstract

Stable isotopes of bulk sediment and well preserved tests of planktonic and benthic foraminifera from midlatitude NE Atlantic DSDP Site 551 (Goban Spur) provide the first estimates of carbon isotope gradients within the water column at a lower bathyal site during the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary interval (CTBI). The CTBI carbon isotope excursion is prominent (up to 2parts per thousand shift in delta(13)C) in the bulk (coccolith) signal, but less pronounced (approximately 0.5 parts per thousand shift in delta(13)C) in planktonic and benthic foraminifera. This difference indicates a very steep (13)C gradient in the upper water column and a very efficient biological pump during the CTBI carbon isotope excursion. We suggest significantly increased seasonal primary production in the uppermost water column with an enhanced shallow water chlorophyll maximum as a cause for this steep carbon isotope gradient. Deep-water and surface-water temperature changes during the CTBI are estimated using benthic and planktonic foraminiferal oxygen isotopes. Warm deep-water masses (13-16degreesC) and a low temperature gradient within the water column prevailed in the late Cenomanian. Additional warming (approximately 2degreesC for both surface and deep water) occurred in the latest Cenomanian prior to CTBI black shale deposition. This pattern of CTBI black shale deposition during a temperature maximum is also evident at two low latitude locations (ODP Site 1050, Blake Nose and Tarfaya, southern Morocco). (C) 2003 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Cenomanian-Turonian boundary; stable isotopes; foraminifer; carbon; cycle; NE Atlantic; paleotemperature; benthic foraminiferal assemblages; oceanic anoxic event; turonian boundary; planktonic-foraminifera; continental-margin; bottom-water; paleoecology; surface
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/s0031-0182(03)00509-1
ISSN: 0031-0182
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 05:25
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2018 08:09
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/16191

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