Mineralogy and geochemistry of Al-phosphate and Al-borosilicate-bearing metaquartzites of the northern Serra do Espinhaco (State of Bahia, Brazil)

Morteani, G. and Ackermand, D. (2004) Mineralogy and geochemistry of Al-phosphate and Al-borosilicate-bearing metaquartzites of the northern Serra do Espinhaco (State of Bahia, Brazil) Mineralogy and Petrology, 80 (1-2). pp. 59-81. DOI 10.1007/s00710-003-0019-z.

Full text not available from this repository.

Supplementary data:

Abstract

The investigated Al-phosphate- and Al-borosilicate-bearing metaquartzite horizon belongs to the Middle Proterozoic Serra de Vereda member of the Sao Marcos Formation of the northern Espinhaco fold belt. Outcrops are located in the NNW-SSE trending hills of the Serra de Canas/Cana Brava (Northern Serra do Espinhaco, State of Bahia, NE Brazil) about 10 km west of the town of Boquira. Sky blue lazulite and deep blue to lilac dumortierite are enriched in layers which sometimes show relic cross bedding. The occurrence of hematite patches and layers is typical. In rocks of type A, phosphorus contents range from 1.89 wt.% to 10.73 wt.% P2O5 and boron contents are mostly below 10 ppm whereas in the rocks of type B phosphorus contents are below 1% and boron contents reach 2600 ppm with a mean value of 1139 ppm. REE distribution patterns of rocks are predominantly controlled by the amount of xenotime, monazite and zircon. Oxygen thermometry on quartz and hematite and the stability of kyanite, augelite, trolleite and berlinite allow to estimate the minimum metamorphic peak P-T conditions at 475 degreesC and 3.8 kbar i.e. within the stability field of scorzalite-lazulite and dumortierite. The association of Al-phosphates with hematite layers provides evidence for the deposition of the metaquartzite protolith in a seawater-fed sabkha-like sand flat fringing the Espinhaco rift. It is proposed that apatite, Al-phosphates and Al-borosilicates were chemically precipitated together with iron hydroxides from pore fluids. The antithetic behaviour of phosphorus and boron contents in the metaquartzites is the consequence of an influx of toxic boron-rich water that drastically affected algae populations and consequently reduced phosphorus precipitation.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: banded iron formations boric-acid dumortierite phosphorus stability evolution crandallite macaubas seawater oxygen
Research affiliation: Kiel University
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00710-003-0019-z
ISSN: 0930-0708
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 05:07
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 10:33
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/16159

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item