Timing and PT evolution of whiteschist metamorphism in the Lufilian Arc-Zambezi Belt Orogen (Zambia): Implications for the assembly of Gondwana

John, T., Schenk, V., Mezger, K. and Tembo, F. (2004) Timing and PT evolution of whiteschist metamorphism in the Lufilian Arc-Zambezi Belt Orogen (Zambia): Implications for the assembly of Gondwana Journal of Geology, 112 (1). pp. 71-90. DOI 10.1086/379693.

Full text not available from this repository.

Supplementary data:

Abstract

One of the world's most extensive occurrences of whiteschists (talc-kyanite schists) is located in south central Africa with several exposures along a ca. 700 km northwest-southeast striking zone. The metamorphic evolution and age relations of whiteschists and associated rocks from four localities, three in the Lufilian Arc and one in the Zambezi Belt, were investigated. In the Lufilian Arc whiteschists, associated garnet-amphibolites and biotite-kyanite-garnet gneisses record peak metamorphic conditions of about 750degrees+/-25degreesC at 13+/-1 kbar. Whiteschists, associated anthophyllite-cordierite-kyanite gneisses, and garnet-staurolite-kyanite schists from the Zambezi Belt indicate peak metamorphic conditions of about 700degrees+/-25degreesC at 10+/-1 kbar. Mineral reaction textures imply a metamorphic evolution along clockwise PT paths with peak metamorphism culminating at high-pressure amphibolite facies conditions. The shapes of the PT paths are interpreted to result from crustal thickening. On the basis of these interpretations and a concordant monazite age of 529+/-2 Ma for a biotite-kyanite-garnet gneiss combined with Pb-207/U-235 ages of 531 to 532+/-2 Ma from monazites from whiteschists, we concluded that the crustal thickening event affected the entire Lufilian Arc-Zambezi Belt orogen almost simultaneously. Whiteschist formation was related to the final continental collision between the Congo and the Kalahari cratons at ca. 530 Ma during the assembly of Gondwana, which followed the subduction of oceanic lithosphere and eclogite formation at about 600 Ma.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: pb zircon ages u-pb pan-african tectonic evolution northeast zimbabwe chewore inliers pelitic schists new-hampshire pressure southern
Research affiliation: Kiel University
DOI etc.: 10.1086/379693
ISSN: 0022-1376
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 06:59
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 10:32
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/16137

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item