Monitored natural attenuation of chlorinated solvents: assessment of potential and limitations

Grandel, S. and Dahmke, A. (2004) Monitored natural attenuation of chlorinated solvents: assessment of potential and limitations Biodegradation, 15 (6). pp. 371-386. DOI 10.1023/b:biod.0000044683.44549.99.

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Chlorinated solvent contaminations in groundwater and soil are a widespread problem. Their remediation either by active and/or passive measures is complicated though, due to their characteristic features of long plumes and DNAPL. In this study Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) is evaluated regarding its applicability to remediate chlorinated solvent sites. At first a short overview of legal requirements is given, by whose means the efficiency of MNA is supposed to be demonstrated and assessed. Thereby the focus is set on the circumstances in the United States and Germany, as in the first MNA is applied as remediation option, whereas in the latter implementation and definition of MNA is under discussion. Based on criteria given by several German guidelines investigation methods and suitable parameters are discussed with the objective to evaluate their potential and limitations to demonstrate MNA at a chlorinated solvent site. Regarding the description of source location/inventory and source emission the legal requirements cannot be accomplished mainly because of missing methods. With regard to the characterization of plume migration, and evaluation of the efficiency of NA processes the combination of hydrogeochemical data and model approaches can accomplish most of the legal requirements. Applicability of microbiological and isotope methods is limited which is also reflected by evaluation of field studies, where these methods have been used at less than 10% of the sites. With regard to chlorinated solvents current German guidelines should be modified to enable the feasible application of MNA as an alternative or additional remediation option.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: acceptance assessment chlorinated solvents Germany MNA carbon-isotope fractionation reductively dechlorinates tetrachloroethene aerobic microbial mineralization density-modified displacement anaerobic enrichment culture dnapl source zone air-force-base vinyl-chloride hydrogen concentrations porous-media
Research affiliation: Kiel University
DOI etc.: 10.1023/b:biod.0000044683.44549.99
ISSN: 0923-9820
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 05:23
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 10:32

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